SecureIT 2010

“Public Safety and Security” in the backdrop of terror attacks have increasingly become a major area of concern since the later half of 2008. We believe that integrated ICT can be the most potent retaliation to such attacks and acts of terror, while maintaining and enhancing public security.

Focus Areas:

  • IT in critical infrastructure security
  • Access control & Identity Solution
  • Public Safety-use of high speed connectivity
  • Cyber Security
  • Pandemic response, among other issues


Target Audience:

  • Security Experts
  • Government Agencies
  • Industry
  • Academia

Introduction
Security is a prime concern of a state. Increased violence by non-state actors, and the spur in extremism, terrorism and anarchism in countries across the globe, with clear intentions of undermining the faith of people on state authorities, indeed to the very concept of a democratic safe state itself, has alarmed the governments the world over to tighten their seat belts. To restructure the security system, hardening of immigration rules, modernising the security forces and and have tempted to go to the extent of waging war(against terrorism). Formation of homeland security departments in US, NIA in India are few such examples.

Perpetrators have access to state of the art technologies and are swift in their actions. By the time, the security forces come into action, the life comes to a standstill. In the given backdrop, the issue of pro-active action from the security agencies – to secure homeland through smart intelligence gathering and sharing, vertically and horizontally, better surveillance, enhanced border and coastguard security, better communication systems, citizen centric and citizen friendly policing and security blanket to all- assumes utmost importance.

A safe state fosters growth and development. Businesses flourish and economy strengthens. In a developing economy like India, having a billion plus population, maintaining the GDP growth rate of 8 to 9 per cent is one of the prime concerns of the government. Here, the convention, through its brain storming sessions, will have focus on strengthening the homeland security with the help of technological intervention. It will discuss on leveraging the private sector expertise in ICT, for providing advanced and intelligent solutions to the security forces and contemplate on various issues across way of synchronisation of the security set up with the consistent advancement in technology.

Background
Often the public security sector suffers from low budgets, limited resources, and inadequate information systems. Large events, pandemics, environmental disasters, and terrorist attacks pose additional threats to public security. The quality and scope of potential threats to physical and information technology infrastructure has also changed significantly and are increasing through information warfare, hackers, terrorists, criminals and even competing organisations. Much more alarming is the increasing terror attacks and loss of life due to them. The number of civilians killed by terrorists is rising in places as diverse as US, UK, Russia, Afghanistan, Iraq, India, Pakistan and Israel, among others. There have been 2,929 terrorism-related deaths around the world since the 9/11 attacks on New York and Washington, as per the NBC News analysis of September 2004. The developed world is turning to technology and is using latest surveillance systems, situational modeling and visualisation software, chemical/biological detection monitors to counter terrorism.

India, too, is among the countries most affected by terrorist and insurgent activities. According to the data from the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (a strategic and security studies think-tank in India), since 2006, India has witnessed at least 73 incidents of terrorist attacks resulting in 668 deaths. The frequency of these strikes has accelerated rapidly in the past two years: there were 12 attacks in 2006, 13 in 2007 and there have been 48 last year according to (http://www.livemint.com).

The recent 26/11 terrorists’ attack in Mumbai, India, has forced the Indian government and the private agencies to seriously consider improving the country’s homeland security apparatus. The government also realises the importance of protecting digitised government data, since the government websites, networks and computers are at the receiving end of information hackers. The situation is even more grim, given the fact that the terrorists today are extremely techno-savvy. Coupled with this, India has poor policing, poor intelligence, ill-equipped security agencies and weak criminal justice making it extremely difficult for any security agency to operate.

Given this scenario, Government of India intends to spend USD 10 billion on India’s homeland security in the coming 2-3 years. Government has set up a National Investigation Agency to deal with cross- border terrorism and the top security agencies in India are leveraging the benefits of ICT for securing India. However, India has still lots to do to ensure public safety and security.

 

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